Wednesday, June 24, 2015

How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]

Today I will show how to make PCB at home. PCB means Printed Circuit Board. Would you like to know more about PCB? Please follow the link  Wikipedia.

How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]
We will need     1.Ferric Chloride  
                         2. Copper Board  
                         3. Glossy Paper .
                         4. Iron 
                         5. Drill Bit [Drill Bit 0.8mm]
                         6. Paint Thinner
                         7. Hand Gloves


How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]


How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]




Now follow me with my instructions.

Step 1:  

Open the PCB diagram with Foxit reader or Adobe reader. It doesn't matter what you are using, just make sure that you are printing it with 100% (Actual) size.

 How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]


 Now the picture will be looked like this :


 How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]

It is recommended, the printer should be Laser printer. If you don't have Laser printer don't worry, I have a solution. First print out the circuit diagram on a normal paper in 100% size. Now make a photo copy of the diagram with glossy paper  by photostat machine. Because both Laser printer and Photostat machine have same type of ink. 


Note : We are getting the circuit diagram on a glossy paper.



After printing the circuit will  look like that :


How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]


Keep it for future and look at step 2.


Step 2:

Buy a copper board and cut it with required dimension. If you are in Bangladesh , you can visit http://toolsbd.com to collect necessary parts. A little rubbing is required to make clean the copper board . Look at the picture :

How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]
 
Now using  Masking Tape, add  PCB Diagram with  Copper Board carefully . 
 
This picture of masking is collected from techtunes.com.bd .Some how i missed this step to capture
 We need to provide heat on this and we should use an Iron. Be careful, you don't need to provide very high temperature . At first keep it on copper board so that heat can spread. After 2or3 min, start ironing  smoothly. Keep it in mind that rough ironing will damage the copper board
 

How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]

How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]
 
After heating for 15or 20 mins. Now pour water on it carefully and keep it underwater at least 20 mins.  Look the picture here.
 

How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]



How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]
wait for 20 mins


Now  remove the paper carefully and carefully wash it by water. It will look like this 
 

How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]

Step 3:

Bring  a pot with water and provide some Ferric Chloride on that . Be careful you should provide
Ferric Chloride on water . Don't watering on Ferric Chloride . Now sink the copper board and keep moving the water pot slowly for 20 min . You will see that copper will be being vanished . 

How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]


How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]


How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]
How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]

After completing this step  wash the board with soap and use paint thinner to clear and remove ink from the board . 

How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]
 
Now, we need to drill the board. If you have drill machine, you can use it. If  you don't have a drill machine, don't worry. I have a solution for you.
 





You can follow my method using drill bit. I didn't buy any drill machine !!!


How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]
How to make PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at Home [step by step]


Thank You !

Reactions:

22 comments:

  1. It's a nice post for Woodworker. I'm Looking a Cordless Hammer Drill for my Woodworking services.
    Would you suggest me which are the Best Cordless Hammer Drill on the market?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Ha ha.. Actually I am a Computer Engineer. I have not much idea on that and many many thanks for you comment.

      Delete
  2. wow, amazing. but it waste lot's of time and money, why don't direct buy pcb prototype from www.kingsunpcb.com . it's cheap and quick turn around making.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Nice article, Which you have shared here about the pcb design. Your article is very informative and useful to know more about the process of pcb designing. eiicomponents offers the custom pcb design service at an affordable price.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Wonderful post! PCB enthusiasts like you are the Future of Printed Circuit Board sector. Your easy to follow instructions will motivate PCB buffs to innovate and build new technologies useful for mankind. Keep sharing such useful guidelines.

    ReplyDelete
  5. There are pretty much no contemporary competitors. You still see a few hand wired breadboards, but even prototypes are often made directly to PCB because of their superior characteristics. Know more about PCB from https://www.pcbonline.com.

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    1. Ah! Sure you can and the link you shared was good. Thank you.

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  9. One of the major concepts in electronics is the printed circuit board or PCB. It’s so fundamental that people often forget to explain what a PCB is. Electronics have come a long way. A journey that started with vacuum tubes and relays got its way into silicon and ICs. It became more prevalent in consumer goods. www.pcbonline.com/blog/CONSIDERATIONS_WHEN_SELECTING_PCB_MATERIALS_FOR_HIGH-FREQUENCY_APPLICATIONS_100.html

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